Article 5.3 of the Convention states that if a State Party believes it will be unable to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti-personnel mines in mined areas under its jurisdiction or control within 10 years of the entry-into force of the Convention, it may submit a request for an extension of its deadline for completing the destruction of such anti-personnel mines, for a period of up to ten years.

At the Seventh Meeting of the States Parties in September 2006, the States Parties established a process to assist in preparing, submitting and analysing extension requests.

At the Ninth Meeting of the States Parties in November 2008, the States Parties warmly welcomed a report on the analysis process undertaken in 2008. This report documents the working methods that have been and are used in analysing requests.

At the Twelfth Meeting of the States Parties in December 2012, the States Parties warmy welcomed recommendations to ensure that high quality requests and analyses continue to be prepared.