What the Convention says
Each State Party must “as soon as possible” ensure that these mined areas “are perimeter marked, monitored and protected by fencing or other means, to ensure the effective exclusion of civilians, until all anti-personnel mines contained therein have been destroyed.”
Each State Party must render these mined areas no longer dangerous “as soon as possible but not later than 10 years after the entry into force of this Convention for that State Party.”
If a State Party believes that it will be unable to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti-personnel mines in mined areas within 10 years, "it may submit a request ... for an extension of the deadline for completing the destruction of such anti-personnel mines, for a period of up to ten years".
- 54 States Parties have reported mined areas under their jurisdiction or control.
- 15 of these 54 States Parties – Albania, Bulgaria, Costa Rica, Djibouti, France, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, the FYR of Macedonia, Malawi, Rwanda, Suriname, Swaziland, Tunisia and Zambia - have indicated that they have fulfilled their clearance obligations.
- Demining activities and risk reduction efforts have led to a reduction in the annual casualty rates in most countries.
Challenges that remain
- It will take some States Parties several more years to fulfil their mine clearance obligations: 19 States Parties have been granted extensions of their deadlines for clearing mined areas.
- Fulfilling obligations will require effective use of the full range of methods to release suspected mined areas, including non-technical survey, technical survey and manual/mechanical clearance.
- Many States Parties must still undertake or complete the task of making every effort to identify all areas in which anti-personnel mines are known or suspected to be emplaced.
Timelines for clearing mined areas in accordance with Article 5 of the Convention PDF 93KB