There are 33 States not party to the Convention, including one signatory State*.
At the 73rd session of the UN General Assembly, 16 States not party voted in favour of the resolution on the implementation of the Convention (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, China, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lao PDR, Libya, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Mongolia, Morocco, Singapore, Tonga and the United Arab Emirates), 15 States not party abstained (Cuba, DPRK, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Syrian Arab Republic, USA and Vietnam) and 2 were not present (Lebanon and Uzbekistan).
States Parties have four years after entry-into-force to destroy all stockpiled anti-personnel mines under their jurisdiction or control.
Retaining anti-personnel mines for permitted purposes
There are 75 States Parties which reported retaining 164,833 anti-personnel mines for the development of and training in mine detection, mine clearance, or mine destruction techniques as permitted by Article 3 of the Convention.
A total of 16,903 anti-personnel mines previously retained under Article 3 were destroyed during the course of 2017.
A number of States Parties have not reported on the use or plans for the use of retained anti-personnel mines in accordance with the purposes permitted by Article 3 and/or have retained the same number of anti-personnel mines for a number of years.
Destroying anti-personnel mines in mined areas
States Parties shall make every effort to identify all areas under their jurisdiction or control in which anti-personnel mines are known or suspected to be emplaced.
States Parties have ten years to destroy all anti-personnel mines in mined areas and return these areas to a state for normal human activity. If the States Parties are unable to do so in ten years, they may ask for an extension of their deadlines.
Of the 63 States Parties that have reported mined areas, 31 have reported that they have completed implementation of their mine clearance obligations in compliance with the Convention, with tens of millions of square metres of previously dangerous land due to the presence or suspected presence of anti-personnel mines released.
Assisting the victims
National implementation measures
Each State Party shall take all appropriate legal, administrative and other measures, including the imposition of penal sanctions, to prevent and suppress any activity prohibited to a State Party under this Convention undertaken by persons or on territory under its jurisdiction or control.
In the context of Article 9 obligations, 66 States Parties have reported that they have adopted legislation and 37 States Parties have reported that they consider existing laws to be sufficient.
61 States Parties have not yet reported having either adopted legislation or that they consider existing laws to be sufficient.
Of these 61 States Parties, some have reported that they have drafted specific legislation but that it has not yet been adopted or that legislation is being considered but they have not provided updated information for a number of years.
The Implementation Support Unit
The ISU is mandated to provide support to the Convention machinery as a whole and to provide advice and technical support to individual States Parties implementing the Convention.
The ISU conducts its work in coordination with all relevant organisations which participate in the work of the Convention.
The ISU is funded on a voluntary basis by the States Parties to the Convention.
In 2018, the ISU Voluntary Trust Fund has so far received contributions from 23 States Parties: Australia, Austria, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand and the United Kingdom.
The Committees of the Convention
I. The Committee on Article 5 Implementation works to intensify efforts particularly those outlined in the Maputo Action Plan, to ensure that Article 5 of the Convention (clearing mined areas) is fully implemented as soon as possible.
Netherlands | 2018-2019
Austria | 2019-2020
Canada | 2019-2020
Colombia | 2018-2019
II. The Committee on Cooperative Compliance assists the States Parties in acting upon their commitment under Article 8.1 of the Convention to work together in a spirit of cooperation to facilitate compliance in a supportive and amicable manner.
The Committee on Cooperative Compliance considers whether a concern about compliance with the Convention’s prohibitions (Article 1.1) is potentially credible and, if so, considers any follow up that might be appropriate for States Parties to better understand the situation.
When appropriate, the Committee, in close consultation with the States Parties concerned, clarifies the situation. If as a result it assesses that the concern is credible, it makes suggestions on steps that the States Parties concerned could take to ensure that the Convention remains strong and effective.
For cases where the concern is credible, the Committee presents preliminary observations at intersessional meetings and conclusions and recommendations at Meetings of the States Parties or Review Conferences.
The Committee is composed of the President of the Convention (Chair of the Committee) and four States Parties serving overlapping two-year terms. The current members of the Committee on Cooperative Compliance are:
Norway | 2019
Iraq | 2019-2020
Poland | 2018-2019
Switzerland | 2019-2020
Zambia | 2018-2019
III. The Committee on Victim Assistance supports the States Parties in their national efforts to strengthen and advance victim assistance, particularly in States Parties with mine victims in areas under their jurisdiction or control.
The Committee on Victim Assistance provides advice to the States Parties in the fulfilment of their commitments related to victim assistance under the Maputo Action Plan and assists these States Parties in making their needs known.
It presents conclusions and recommendations on progress, achievements and challenges at intersessional meetings and Meetings of the States Parties or Review Conferences.
The Committee takes initiatives to facilitate discussions on enhancing victim assistance and to ensure the wellbeing of mine victims.
It raises awareness in relevant fora of the importance of addressing the needs and guaranteeing the rights of mine victims in broader domains such as health care, disability and human rights, development, poverty reduction and employment.
The Committee is composed of four States Parties serving overlapping two-year terms. Each year, the Committee selects a chair among the members serving the second year of their terms. The current members of the Committee on Victim Assistance are:
Mozambique | 2018-2019
Belgium | 2018-2019
Chile | 2019-2020
Italy | 2019-2020
The Committee draws on the expertise of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) as observers and invites other States Parties, the United Nations and other relevant international and non-governmental organisations to participate in its work on an ad hoc basis.
IV. The Committee on the Enhancement of Cooperation and Assistance supports the States Parties in the full implementation of Article 6 of the Convention, in line with their reaffirmation that ending the suffering and casualties caused by anti-personnel mines is a shared commitment.
The Committee on the Enhancement of Cooperation and Assistance promotes cooperation and assistance under the Convention, including by organizing or encouraging the organization of multilateral, regional or national dialogues on cooperation and assistance, in Geneva or elsewhere.
The Committee facilitates the fostering of partnerships between States Parties seeking to receive assistance and those in a position to provide such assistance, including through the use of information exchange tools, such as the Platform for Partnerships.
The Committee coordinates with other implementation mechanisms established by the States Parties in order to facilitate and accelerate the full implementation of the Convention.
The Committee is composed of four States Parties serving overlapping two-year terms, including an affected State Party and a State Party that is a provider of support or assistance. Each year, the Committee selects a chair among the members serving the second year of their terms. The current members of the Committee on the Enhancement of Cooperation and Assistance are:
Sweden | 2018-2019
Thailand | 2018-2019
Turkey | 2019-2020
United Kingdom | 2019-2020
The Committee draws on the expertise of the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL), the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and invites other States Parties, the United Nations and other relevant international and non-governmental organisations to participate in its work on an ad hoc basis.
The Coordinating Committee
The Coordinating Committee coordinates the work flowing from and related to formal and informal meetings of the States Parties and also fulfils responsibilities related to the accountability of the Implementation Support Unit.
The Coordinating Committee is composed of the Convention’s President, the President-designate and the members of the Committee on Article 5 Implementation, the Committee on Cooperative Compliance, the Committee on Victim Assistance, and the Committee on the Enhancement of Cooperation and Assistance.
The Coordinating Committee invites the United Nations, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) and the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) as observers.