Canada ratified the Convention on 3 December 1997, and the Convention entered into force for Canada on 1 March 1999.
Stockpile Destruction (Article 4)
In its initial transparency report submitted on 27 August 1999, Canada reported that it had completed the destruction of all stockpiled anti-personnel mines in 1997.
In total, Canada reported having destroyed 92,551 mines.
Retained Mines (Article 3)
Notwithstanding the obligation to destroy all stockpiled anti-personnel mines, the Convention permits the retention of the minimum number of anti-personnel mines absolutely necessary for the development of and training in mine detection, mine clearance, or mine destruction techniques. As of 2018, Canada has reported having retained 1,878 anti-personnel mines for these permitted purposes. These mines are retained to study the effect of blast on equipment, to train soldiers on procedures to defuse live anti-personnel mines and to demonstrate the effect of landmines.
Mine Clearance (Article 5)
Canada reported there were no mined areas under its jurisdiction or control.