Clearing mined areas

Status of Article 5 implementation

63

States Parties have reported mined areas under their jurisdiction or control

33

States Parties still have Article 5 obligations

  • Each State Party must make “every effort to identify all areas under its jurisdiction or control in which anti-personnel mines are known or suspected to be emplaced.”

  • Each State Party must “as soon as possible” ensure that these mined areas “are perimeter marked, monitored and protected by fencing or other means, to ensure the effective exclusion of civilians, until all anti-personnel mines contained therein have been destroyed.”

     

  • Each State Party must render these mined areas no longer dangerous “as soon as possible but not later than 10 years after the entry into force of this Convention for that State Party.”
  • If a State Party believes that it will be unable to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti-personnel mines in mined areas within 10 years, "it may submit a request ... for an extension of the deadline for completing the destruction of such anti-personnel mines, for a period of up to ten years".
  • A number of States Parties that are in the process of fulfilling their mine clearance obligation have been granted extended deadlines to address the remaining contamination. Some of these States have been carrying out clearance for decades, and will take them several years more to fulfill their obligation.
  • Many States Parties that had declared having fulfilled their mine clearance obligation have discovered previously unknown or are experiencing newly mined areas.
  • Some States are experiencing new contamination from anti-personnel mines of an improvised nature.

Find all Article 5 Extension Requests submitted by year

  • Fulfilling obligations will require effective use of the full range of methods to release suspected mined areas, including non-technical survey, technical survey and manual/mechanical clearance.
  • Many States Parties must still undertake or complete the task of making every effort to identify all areas in which anti-personnel mines are known or suspected to be emplaced.
State Party Initial deadline Extended deadline Date of completion
Afghanistan1 March 20131 March 2023
Albania1 August 20108 October 2009
Algeria1 April 20121 April 201710 February 2017
Angola1 January 201331 December 2025
Argentina1 March 20101 March 2023
Bhutan1 February 201628 May 2013
Bosnia and Herzegovina1 March 20091 March 2027
Bulgaria1 March 200931 October 1999
Burundi1 April 20149 March 2014
Cambodia1 January 201031 December 2025
Chad1 November 20091 January 2025
Chile1 March 20121 March 20201 March 2020
Colombia1 March 201131 December 2025
Congo, Republic of1 November 20111 January 20135 December 2012
Costa Rica1 September 200910 December 2002
Croatia1 March 20091 March 2026
Cyprus1 July 20131 July 2025
Democratic Republic of the Congo1 November 201231 December 2025
Denmark1 March 20091 July 20121 July 2012
Djibouti1 March 200929 January 2004
Ecuador1 October 200931 December 2022
Eritrea1 February 201231 December 2020
Eswatini1 June 200931 August 2007
Ethiopia1 June 201531 December 2025
France1 March 20095 July 2008
Gambia1 March 20135 December 2012
Germany20 June 20116 November 2013
Greece1 March 20141 December 2009
Guatemala1 September 200929 November 2005
Guinea-Bissau1 November 201131 December 2022
Honduras1 March 200920 July 2004
Hungary1 March 20094 December 2013
Iraq1 February 20181 February 2028
Jordan1 May 20091 May 201224 April 2012
Malawi1 March 200927 November 2008
Mauritania1 January 201131 December 2026
Mozambique1 March 200931 December 201417 September 2015
Nicaragua1 May 20091 May 20104 December 2010
Niger1 September 200931 December 2024
Nigeria1 March 201231 December 2025
North Macedonia1 March 201915 September 2006
Oman1 February 2025
Palestine, State of1 June 2028
Peru1 March 200931 December 2024
Rwanda1 December 20101 December 2009
Senegal1 March 20091 March 2026
Serbia1 March 20141 March 2023
Somalia1 October 20221 October 2027
South Sudan9 July 20219 July 2026
Sri Lanka1 June 2028
Sudan1 April 20141 April 2023
Suriname1 November 201221 April 2005
Tajikistan1 April 201031 December 2025
Thailand1 May 200931 October 2023
Tunisia1 January 201029 March 2009
Turkey1 March 201431 December 2025
Uganda1 August 20091 August 201228 November 2012
Ukraine1 June 20161 December 2023
United Kingdom1 March 20091 March 202414 November 2020
Venezuela1 October 20091 October 201427 May 2013
Yemen1 March 20091 May 2023
Zambia1 August 201111 November 2009
Zimbabwe1 March 200931 December 2025

Progress made

30

States Parties have fulfilled their Article 5 obligation. In addition, demining activities and risk reduction efforts have led to a significant reduction in the annual casualty rates in most countries.