States have joined the Convention
States Parties include,
- Most of the States that at one time used, stockpiled, produced or transferred anti-personnel mines.
- The majority of States that are or have been affected by anti-personnel mines.
- Every state in the Americas except Cuba and the United States.
- Every state in Sub-Saharan Africa.
- The use of anti-personnel mines has decreased dramatically through adherence to the Convention and the widespread acceptance of its provisions by States not party.
- The production of anti-personnel mines has decreased significantly: Of the 50 States that at one time produced anti-personnel mines, 34 are now bound by the Convention.
- It should be noted that “the Articles of this Convention shall not be subject to reservations.”
- Combined, six States – China, India, the Republic of Korea, Pakistan, Russia and the United States – which are not party to the Convention, may hold tens of millions of stockpiled antipersonnel mines.
- A handful of States not party to the Convention have made new use of anti-personnel mines.
- Some States not party do not yet have an official moratorium on the use of anti-personnel mines.
- Some armed non-state actors continue to use, stockpile, and produce anti-personnel mines, and are largely responsible for a growing number of casualties.
States have not yet formally agreed to be bound by the Convention
- Over 80% of the world's States have undertaken to never under any circumstances:
- use anti-personnel mines;
- develop, produce, otherwise acquire, stockpile, retain or transfer to anyone, directly or indirectly, anti-personnel mines;
- assist, encourage or induce, in any way, anyone to engage in any activity prohibited to a State Party under this Convention.”