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Nigeria acceded to the Convention on 27 September 2001, and the Convention entered into force for Nigeria on 1 March 2002. 

Obligations under the Convention

Notwithstanding the obligation to destroy all stockpiled anti-personnel mines, the Convention permits the retention of the minimum number of anti-personnel mines absolutely necessary for the development of and training in mine detection, mine clearance, or mine destruction techniques.

As of 2012, Nigeria had reported having retained 3,364 anti-personnel mines for these permitted purposes.

In its initial transparency report submitted on 22 June 2004, Nigeria indicated it did not have any stockpiled anti-personnel mines under its ownership or possession or under its jurisdiction or control.

In its initial transparency report Nigeria indicated that there were no mined areas under its jurisdiction or control in which anti-personnel mines were known or suspected to be emplaced.

In its Article 7 report submitted in 2009, Nigeria indicated that it had identified areas in which anti-personnel mines were suspected to be emplaced. In accordance with Article 5 of the Convention, Nigeria undertook to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti-personnel mines in these areas as soon as possible but not later than 1 March 2012.

At the 2011 Meeting of the Standing Committee on Mine Clearance, Nigeria announced that it had fulfilled its obligation under Article 5 of the Convention. On 29 November 2011, at the Eleventh Meeting of the States Parties in Phnom Penh, Nigeria presented a formal Declaration of Completion. 

At the Fourth Review Conference in November 2019, Nigeria indicated that it has been experiencing the “tragic consequences of the production and use of anti-personnel mines of an improvised nature", declaring newly-mined areas.

In accordance with the decision of the Twelfth Meeting of the States Parties concerning cases in which States Parties discover previously unknown mined areas on 10 November 2020 Nigeria submitted a request for an extended deadline for consideration by the Eighteenth Meeting of the States Parties. Nigeria’s request was granted, and a new deadline was set for 31 December 2021.

On 17 May 2021, Nigeria submitted a request to extend its mine clearance deadline, and on 13 August 2021, Nigeria submitted additional information to its request. The request was granted at the Nineteenth Meeting of the States Parties and a new deadline set for 31 December 2025.

On 25 May 2023, Nigeria acted upon the decisions of the Nineteenth Meeting of the States Parties by submitting an updated work plan for the implementation of Article 5 of the Convention.

Extension Request Process

Annually and no later than 30 April, each State Party is to update information covering the previous calendar year. The latest Article 7 reports for this State Party can be found on this page.

Each State Party is to take all appropriate legal, administrative and other measures, including the imposition of penal sanctions, to prevent and suppress any activity prohibited to a State Party under this Convention undertaken by persons or on territory under its jurisdiction or control.

Nigeria is still required to report on established national implementation measures or whether it considers existing legislation to be sufficient.