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Thailand

Thailand signed the Convention on 3 December 1997, ratified it on 27 November 1998, with the Convention entering into force for Thailand on 1 May 1999.

Obligations under the Convention

In its initial transparency report submitted on 10 November 1999, Thailand reported stockpiled anti-personnel mines under its ownership or possession or under its jurisdiction or control.

Notwithstanding the obligation to destroy all stockpiled anti-personnel mines, the Convention permits the retention of the minimum number of anti-personnel mines absolutely necessary for the development of and training in mine detection, mine clearance, or mine destruction techniques.

In 2018, Thailand reported having 3,162 retained anti-personnel mines for these permitted purposes.

In August 2019, Thailand destroyed the last 3,133 mines it had retained for these permitted purposes. 

In its initial transparency report submitted on 10 November 1999, Thailand reported stockpiled anti-personnel mines under its ownership or possession or under its jurisdiction or control.

In its transparency report submitted on 3 May 2004, Thailand reported that it had completed the destruction of all stockpiled anti-personnel mines.

 In total, Thailand reported having destroyed 335,843 mines.

In its initial transparency report, Thailand reported areas under its jurisdiction or control in which anti-personnel mines are known or suspected to be emplaced.

In accordance with Article 5 of the Convention, Thailand undertook to destroy or ensure the destruction of all anti-personnel mines in these areas as soon as possible but not later than 1 May 2009.

On 3 April 2008, Thailand submitted a request to extend its mine clearance deadline. The request was granted at the Eighth Meeting of the States Parties and a new deadline set for 1 November 2018.

On 30 March 2017, Thailand submitted a second request to extend its mine clearance deadline. The request was granted at the Sixteenth Meeting of States Parties, Vienna, Austria, and a new deadline set for 31 October 2023.

On 30 April 2019, Thailand acted upon the decisions of the Sixteenth Meeting of the States Parties by submitting an updated work plan for the implementation of Article 5 of the Convention.

On 31 March 2022, Thailand submitted a new request for extension of its mine clearance deadline. The request will be considered at the Twentieth Meeting of the States Parties in November 2022.

Article 5 Extension Request Process

Thailand has indicated having significant numbers – hundreds or thousands – of landmine survivors.

Thailand is also a State Party to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

Annually and no later than 30 April, each State Party is to update information covering the previous calendar year. The latest Article 7 reports for this State Party can be found on this page. 

Article 9 of the Convention states that “each State Party shall take all appropriate legal, administrative and other measures, including the imposition of penal sanctions, to prevent and suppress any activity prohibited to a State Party under this Convention undertaken by persons or on territory under its jurisdiction or control.”

Thailand has reported having established national implementation measures or that it considers existing legislation to be sufficient.